Summary of Key Central Labour Laws

The employment/ labour laws in India primarily flow from the Constitution, specific enactments pertaining to the subject matter both at the central and state level along with judicial decisions along with administrative rulings and regulations. The applicability of a particular enactment is generally contingent inter alia on the nature of the industry; the number of workers employed; remuneration payable to the employee, tenure of employment amongst others.

List of Central Labour Laws under Ministry of Labour and Employment 

1. The Minimum Wages Act, 1948

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2. The Payment of Wages Act, 1936

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3. The Payment of Bonus Act, 1965

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4. The Equal Remuneration Act, 1976

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5 The Trade Unions Act, 1926

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6. The Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946.

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7. The Industrial Disputes Act, 1947

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8. The Weekly Holidays Act, 1942

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9. The Factories Act, 1948
10. The Plantation Labour Act, 1951
11. The Building and Other Constructions Workers’ (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1996 

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12. The Beedi and Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966

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13. The Contract Labour (Regulation and Abolition) Act, 1970.

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14. The Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976

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15. The Sales Promotion Employees (Conditions of Service) Act, 1976

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16. The Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.

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17. The Dock Workers (Safety, Health and Welfare) Act, 1986
18. The Child Labour (Prohibition and Regulation) Act, 1986
19. The Working Journalists (Fixation of rates of Wages) Act, 1958
20. The Employees’ Compensation Act, 1923
21. The Employees’ Provident Funds and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952

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22. The Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948

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23. The Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

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24. The Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972

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25. The Unorganized Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008

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26. The Building and Other Construction Workers Cess Act, 1996

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27. The Labour Laws (Exemption from Furnishing Returns and Maintaining Registers by Certain Establishments) Act, 1988

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28. The Employment Exchange (Compulsory Notification of Vacancies) Act, 1959

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29.  The Weekly Holidays Act 1942

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30. The Mines Act, 1952

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31. Shops and Establishment Act

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32. Motor Transport Workers Act 1961

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